C# 类映射的四种方法【解决硬编码的问题】(工具三)

方法一:泛型缓存+表达式目录树实现Mapper

public class ExpressionGenericMapper<TIn, TOut>//Mapper`2 //正对于每两个不同类型的组合都会生成副本
    {
        private static Func<TIn, TOut> _FUNC = null;// 在每个副本中都有一个委托
        static ExpressionGenericMapper() //静态构造函数 生成表达式目录树 
        {
            ParameterExpression parameterExpression = Expression.Parameter(typeof(TIn), "p");
            List<MemberBinding> memberBindingList = new List<MemberBinding>();
            foreach (var item in typeof(TOut).GetProperties())
            {
                MemberExpression property = Expression.Property(parameterExpression, typeof(TIn).GetProperty(item.Name));
                MemberBinding memberBinding = Expression.Bind(item, property);
                memberBindingList.Add(memberBinding);
            }
            foreach (var item in typeof(TOut).GetFields())
            {
                MemberExpression property = Expression.Field(parameterExpression, typeof(TIn).GetField(item.Name));
                MemberBinding memberBinding = Expression.Bind(item, property);
                memberBindingList.Add(memberBinding);
            }
            MemberInitExpression memberInitExpression = Expression.MemberInit(Expression.New(typeof(TOut)), memberBindingList.ToArray());
            Expression<Func<TIn, TOut>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<TIn, TOut>>(memberInitExpression, new ParameterExpression[]
            {
                    parameterExpression
            });
            _FUNC = lambda.Compile();//拼装是一次性的   转换成委托以后放入副本的静态变量中去
        }
        public static TOut Trans(TIn t) // 直接获取副本的静态变量(委托)
        {
            return _FUNC(t);
        }
    }

方法二:序列化和反序列化实现Mapper

    public class SerializeMapper
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 序列化反序列化方式
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TIn"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TOut"></typeparam>
        public static TOut Trans<TIn, TOut>(TIn tIn)
        {
            return JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<TOut>(JsonConvert.SerializeObject(tIn));
        }
    }

方法三:表达式目录树实现Mapper

    public class ExpressionMapper
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 字典缓存--hash分布  
        /// </summary>
        private static Dictionary<string, object> _Dic = new Dictionary<string, object>();  //超过一定的数量之后  在字典中获取值就会有性能损耗

        /// <summary>
        /// 字典缓存表达式树
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TIn"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TOut"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="tIn"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static TOut Trans<TIn, TOut>(TIn tIn)
        {
            string key = string.Format("funckey_{0}_{1}", typeof(TIn).FullName, typeof(TOut).FullName);
            if (!_Dic.ContainsKey(key))
            {
                //动态的生成表达式
                ParameterExpression parameterExpression = Expression.Parameter(typeof(TIn), "p");
                List<MemberBinding> memberBindingList = new List<MemberBinding>();
                foreach (var item in typeof(TOut).GetProperties())
                {
                    MemberExpression property = Expression.Property(parameterExpression, typeof(TIn).GetProperty(item.Name));
                    MemberBinding memberBinding = Expression.Bind(item, property);
                    memberBindingList.Add(memberBinding);
                }
                foreach (var item in typeof(TOut).GetFields())
                {
                    MemberExpression property = Expression.Field(parameterExpression, typeof(TIn).GetField(item.Name));
                    MemberBinding memberBinding = Expression.Bind(item, property);
                    memberBindingList.Add(memberBinding);
                }
                MemberInitExpression memberInitExpression = Expression.MemberInit(Expression.New(typeof(TOut)), memberBindingList.ToArray());
                Expression<Func<TIn, TOut>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<TIn, TOut>>(memberInitExpression, new ParameterExpression[]
                {
                    parameterExpression
                });
                Func<TIn, TOut> func = lambda.Compile();//拼装是一次性的
                _Dic[key] = func;
            }
            return ((Func<TIn, TOut>)_Dic[key]).Invoke(tIn);
        }
    }

方法四:反射实现Mapper

public static TOut Trans<TIn, TOut>(TIn tIn)
        {
            TOut tOut = Activator.CreateInstance<TOut>();
            foreach (var itemOut in tOut.GetType().GetProperties())
            {
                var propIn = tIn.GetType().GetProperty(itemOut.Name);
                itemOut.SetValue(tOut, propIn.GetValue(tIn)); 
            }
            foreach (var itemOut in tOut.GetType().GetFields())
            {
                var fieldIn = tIn.GetType().GetField(itemOut.Name);
                itemOut.SetValue(tOut, fieldIn.GetValue(tIn)); 
            }
            return tOut;
        }

四种方式的比较第一种方法性能最好通用性最强

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